Та "Internet explorer"-ийн сүүлийн хувилбар болох "Microsoft edge"-г ашиглана уу

Хэрэв "Microsoft edge"-г татах бол энд дарж татаж авна уу

ᠮᠡᠳᠡᠭᠡ
thumbnail ᠽᠡᠯ.1
ᠽᠡᠯ.1
ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ᠂ ᠦᠻᠷᠠᠢᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᠭᠥᠨ ᠨᠠᠷ ᠤᠲᠠᠰᠤ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠪᠠ

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ ᠤᠻᠷᠠᠢᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠸ᠂ ᠣ᠂ ᠽᠧᠯᠧᠨᠰᠻᠢ ᠲᠡᠢ ᠲᠡᢉᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠦᠰᠡᠯᠲᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠠᠭᠤ ᠒᠐᠒᠓ ᠣᠨ ᠤ᠋ ᠒ ᠳ᠋ᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠒᠑- ‍‍‍ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠤᠲᠠᠰᠤ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠪᠠ᠃

ᠦᠻᠷᠠᠢᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠸ᠂ ᠣ᠂ ᠽᠧᠯᠧᠨ᠋ᠰᠻᠢ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ  ᠤᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ  ᠤᠨ ᠮᠡᠨᠳᠦᠴᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡ ᠳᠡᠪᠰᠢᢉᠦᠯᠵᠦ᠂ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠦᠻᠷᠠᠢᠢᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨᠯᠢᠭ

thumbnail ᠽᠥᠯ.1
ᠽᠥᠯ.1
ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ᠂ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ  ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠰᠠᠢᠢᠳ ᠨᠠᠷ ᠠᠵᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠷᠠᠯ  ᠤᠳ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠵᠣᠯᠭᠠᠪᠠ

XVII ᠵᠢᠷᠠᠨ ᠤ᠋ “ᠦᠵᠡᠰᠬᠦᠯᠡᠩ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠭᠴᠢ” ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦ᠋ᠨ ᠬᠠᠪᠤᠷ  ᠤᠨ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᢉᠦᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠤ ᠥᠷᠯᠦᠭᠡ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ᠂ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ  ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠣᠮᠪᠤᠵᠠᠪ  ᠤᠨ ᠽᠠᠨᠳᠠᠨᠰᠢᠲᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠰᠠᠢᠢᠳ ᠯᠤᠪᠰᠠᠩᠨᠠᠮᠰᠠᠷᠠᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠣᠶᠤᠨ- ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢ ᠨᠠᠷ ᠠᠵᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠷᠠᠯ  ᠤᠳ  ᠢᠢᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦᠳᠬᠡᠨ᠂ ᠠᠮᠤᠷ ᠮᠡᠨᠳᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠢᠢᠯᠠᠳᠬᠠᠨ ᠵᠣᠯᠭᠠᠪᠠ᠃

ᠲᠥᠷᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠳᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠠᠬᠠᠮᠠᠳ ᠳᠠᠢᠢᠴᠢᠨ᠂ ᠲᠥᠷᠦ᠂ ᠨᠡᠢᠢᠭᠡᠮ

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ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤ᠂ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ ᠶᠢᠰᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠯᠲᠦ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦᠳᠬᠡᠯ ᠦᠵᠡᠭᠥᠯᠵᠦ᠂ ᠲᠥᠷᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠵᠣᠯᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠ ᠬᠢᠪᠡ

XVII ᠵᠢᠷᠠᠨ ᠤ᠋ “ᠦᠵᠡᠰᠬᠦᠯᠡᠩ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠭᠴᠢ” ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦ᠋ᠨ ᠬᠠᠪᠤᠷ  ᠤᠨ ᠲᠡᠷᠢᢉᠦᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠨ ᠤ ᠥᠷᠯᠦᠭᠡ ᠐᠙:᠐᠐ ᠴᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠶᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ ᠲᠥᠷᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠶᠢᠰᠦᠨ ᠬᠥᠯᠲᠦ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠤᠭᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦᠳᠬᠡᠯ ᠦᠵᠡᢉᠦᠯᠪᠡ᠃

ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠨᠢ ᠤ‍᠂ ᠶᠡ‍᠂ ᠬᠤ‍᠂ ᠆  ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠣᠮᠪᠤᠵᠠᠪ  ᠤᠨ ᠽᠠᠨᠳᠠᠨᠰᠢᠲᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠳ ᠯᠤᠪᠰᠠᠩᠨᠠᠮᠰᠠᠷᠠᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠣᠶᠤᠨ- ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢ ᠨᠠᠷ ᠠᠯᠳᠠ ᠴᠡᠩᠬᠡᠷ

thumbnail ᠪᠥᠬ.1
ᠪᠥᠬ.1
ᠰᠠᠷ ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠤ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠲᠦ ᠒᠕᠖ ᠪᠥᠬᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ‍᠂ ᠪᠠᠲᠤ- ᠥᠯᠵᠡᠢ ᠲᠦᠷᠦᠭᠥᠯᠡᠪᠡ

XVII ᠵᠢᠷᠠᠨ ᠤ᠋ “ᠦᠵᠡᠰᠬᠦᠯᠡᠩ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠭᠴᠢ” ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦ᠋ᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠤ ᠵᠣᠷᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠥᠬᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠒᠐᠒᠓ ᠣᠨ ᠤ᠋ ᠬᠣᠶᠠᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠑᠙᠆ ᠐᠆  ᠤ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠦ᠋ᠳ ᠲᠦ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠪᠥᠬᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠥᠷᢉᠦᠭᠡᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠯ ᠠ᠃

ᠡᠨᠡ ᠤᠳᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠯᠳᠤᠭᠠᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠤᠪᠰᠤ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ  ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠪᠳᠤ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠲᠤ᠂ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠶᠠᠩ ᠠᠪᠤᠷᠭᠤ ᠨᠠ‍᠂ ᠪᠠᠲᠤᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢ᠂ ᠤᠪᠰᠤ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ  ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠪᠤᠰᠤᠲᠤ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ

thumbnail ᠦᠶᠠᠼᠬ.1
ᠦᠶᠠᠼᠬ.1
ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤ᠂ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ ᠤᠶᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢ᠂ ᠱᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠪᠤᠭᠠᠴᠢᠳ ᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠪᠡ

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ ᠵᠠᠷᠯᠢᠭ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠨ᠂ ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠨᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤᠮ  ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠢ ᠬᠠᠤᠯᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠑᠐ ᠳ᠋ᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠵᠦᠢᠯ ᠦ᠋ᠨ ᠑᠐᠂᠔᠂ ᠑᠐᠂᠗᠂ ᠑᠐᠂᠙ ᠳ᠋ᠡᠬᠢ ᠬᠡᠰᠡᠭ᠌ ᠲᠦ ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠯᠵᠤᠯ ᠢ᠋ ᠬᠠᠩ᠋ᠭᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠪᠡ᠃

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠳᠤ ᠮᠠᠩᠯᠠᠢ ᠤᠶᠠᠭᠠᠴᠢ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ:ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠢᠢᠮᠠᠭ  ᠤᠨ ᠰᠡᠷᢉᠦᠯᠡᠩ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠤᠤᠭᠠᠯ ᠰᠠᠱᠻᠠ  ᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢᠪᠠᠲᠤ᠂ᠲᠥᠪ ᠠᠢᠢᠮᠠᠭ  ᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠤᠤᠭᠠᠯ ᠫᠤᠨᠴᠣᠭᠪᠠᠯᠵᠣᠷ  ᠤᠨ

thumbnail ᠲᠦᠷᠺ.1
ᠲᠦᠷᠺ.1
ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤ᠂ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ ᠪᠦᠭᠥᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠢᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠦᠷᠻ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠡᠭᠥᠷᠭᠡ ᠭᠥᠢᠴᠡᠳᠬᠡᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠢᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠯᠪᠠ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠭᠴᠢᠳ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠴᠠᠬᠢᠮ  ᠢᠢᠠᠠᠷ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠤᠭᠳᠠᠪᠠ

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ᠂ ᠵᠡᠪᠰᠡᢉᠲᠦ ᠬᠦᠴᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠻᠣᠮᠠᠨᠳ᠋ᠯᠠᠭᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠤᠢᠬᠡ ᠪᠦᢉᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠢᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠦᠷᠻ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠲᠤ ᠡᠷᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠢᠢᠬᠤ᠂ ᠠᠪᠤᠷᠠᠬᠤ᠂ ᠡᠮᠨᠡᠯᠭᠡ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢ᠂ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠴᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡ ᠪᠣᠯᠤᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨᠯᠢᠭ  ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠰᠠᠯᠠᠮᠵᠢ ᠦᠵᠡᢉᠦᠯᠵᠦ ᠪᠠᠢᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠯᠪᠠ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠭᠴᠢᠳ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠴᠠᠬᠢᠮ  ᠢᠢᠠᠷ ᠬᠣᠯᠪᠤᠭᠳᠠᠪᠠ᠃

ᠣᠨᠴᠤᠭᠤᠢ ᠪᠠᠢᠢᠳᠠᠯ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ  ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ᠂ ᠪᠷᠢᠭᠠᠳ᠋  ᠤᠨ ᢉᠧᠨᠧᠷᠠᠯ ᠪ᠂ ᠤᠤᠭ᠋ᠠᠨᠨᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠒᠐᠒᠓ ᠣᠨ ᠤ᠋ ᠐᠒ ᠳ᠋ᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠐᠘᠆ ᠤ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠣᠢᠢᠰᠢ ᢉᠦᠢᠢᠴᠡᠳᠬᠡᢉᠰᠡᠨ ᠡᢉᠦᠷᠭᠡ᠂

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ᠰᠬᠠᠭ.1
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠲᠥᠷᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ᠂ ᠣᠳᠤᠨ᠂ ᠮᠧᠳ᠋ᠠᠯ ᠭᠠᠷᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠪᠠ

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ XVII ᠵᠢᠷᠠᠨ ᠤ᠋ “ᠦᠵᠡᠰᠬᠦᠯᠡᠩ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠭᠴᠢ” ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦ᠋ᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠢ᠋ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ᠂ ᠠᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠰ  ᠢᠢᠡᠷ  ᠢᠢᠡᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ  ᠢᠢᠠᠨ ᠮᠠᠩᠯᠠᠢᠢᠯᠠᠵᠤ᠂ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ ᠤ᠋ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠥᢉᠵᠢᠯ ᠳᠡᠪᠰᠢᠯ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠦᠨᠡᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠨᠡᠮᠡᠷᠢ ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠮ ᠦ᠋ᠳ ᠲᠦ ᠲᠥᠷᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ᠂ ᠣᠳᠤᠨ᠂ ᠮᠧᠳ᠋ᠠᠯ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠪᠡ᠃

ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠯᠮᠦᠷᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢ:ᠬᠣᠪᠳᠤ ᠠᠢᠢᠮᠠᠭ  ᠤᠨ ᠴᠢᠨᠳᠠᠮᠠᠨᠢ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ

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ᠬᠣᠱᠤᠢ ᠠᠪᠤᠷᠭᠤ ᠮᠠᠯᠴᠢᠨ ᠪᠦᠳᠡᠭᠡ  ᠢᠢᠨ ᠷᠠᠪᠠᠭ ᠲᠤ ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠳᠡᠯᠮᠦᠷᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠪᠡ

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ XVII ᠵᠢᠷᠠᠨ ᠤ᠋ “ᠦᠵᠡᠰᠬᠦᠯᠡᠩ ᠪᠣᠯᠭᠠᠭᠴᠢ” ᠬᠡᠮᠡᠬᠦ ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠲᠠᠤᠯᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦ᠋ᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠷ ᠢ᠋ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯᠳᠤᠭᠤᠯᠤᠨ᠂ ᠠᠵᠢᠯ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠰ  ᠢᠢᠡᠷ  ᠢᠢᠡᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ  ᠢᠢᠠᠨ ᠮᠠᠩᠯᠠᠢᠢᠯᠠᠵᠤ᠂ ᠡᠬᠡ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ ᠤ᠋ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠥᢉᠵᠢᠯ ᠳᠡᠪᠰᠢᠯ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠦᠨᠡᠲᠡᠢ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠨᠡᠮᠡᠷᠢ ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠮ ᠦ᠋ᠳ ᠲᠦ ᠲᠥᠷᠦ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠴᠣᠯᠠ᠂ ᠣᠳᠤᠨ᠂ ᠮᠧᠳ᠋ᠠᠯ ᠬᠦᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠪᠡ᠃

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠱᠤᠢ ᠠᠪᠤᠷᠭᠤ᠂ ᠭᠠᠪᠢᠶᠠᠲᠤ ᠮᠠᠯᠴᠢᠨ᠂ ᠤᠪᠰᠤ ᠠᠢᠢᠮᠠᠭ

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ᠨᠡᠢᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ᠎  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠯ  ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢ ᠰᠦᠬᠡᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ  ᠤᠨ ᠣᠳᠤᠨ  ᠢᠢᠠᠷ ᠱᠠᠩᠨᠠᠪᠠ

ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠯ  ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠲᠦ ᠑᠐᠐ ᠵᠢᠯ ᠦ᠋ᠨ ᠣᠢ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠦ᠋ᠳ ᠲᠦ ᠲᠣᠬᠢᠶᠠᠵᠤ ᠪᠠᠢᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ᠃

ᠮᠣᠩ᠋ᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠤᠬᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶ᠋ᠢᠨ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠯᠰᠦ᠋ᠬᠡ ᠵᠠᠷᠯᠢᠭ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ ᠤ᠋ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠲᠦᠭᠡᠨ ᠪᠠᠢᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠲᠠ᠂ ᠬᠥᢉᠵᠢᠯ ᠴᠡᠴᠡᢉᠯᠡᠯᠲᠡ ᠳ᠋ᠦ ᠲᠦᢉᠦᠴᠢᠭᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠮᠠᠩᠯᠠᠢᠢᠯᠠᠵᠤ᠂ ᠪᠣᠯᠪᠠᠰᠤᠷᠠᠯ  ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠪᠤᠷᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠲᠡᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠡᢉᠦᠷᠭᠡ ᢉᠦᠢᠢᠴᠡᠳᠬᠡᠨ᠂ ᠣᠨᠴᠤᠭᠤᠢ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠨᠡᠮᠡᠷᠢ ᠣᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠢᠷᠡᢉᠰᠡᠨ ᠲᠤᠰ ᠰᠤᠷᠭᠠᠭᠤᠯᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢ ᠰᠦᠬᠡᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ  ᠤᠨ ᠣᠳᠤᠨ  ᠢᠢᠠᠷ ᠱᠠᠩᠨᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠢ᠋ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢᠢᠯᠡᢉᠴᠢ ᠶ᠋ᠢ ᠲᠠᠮᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ